This sleek, midcentury modern residence, true to its era, touches the ground lightly with lightweight, open structure, inviting an earthy, grounded counterbalance for its landscape redesign. Paul Broadhurst, ASLA, of Paul R Broadhurst + Associates, calls his redesign philosophy “contrasting clean lines with loose earthy naturalism with messy vitality.”
Close to downtown Seattle on a one-acre parcel, the site forms part of the planned Hilltop Community, known for its modern structures and its serene, off-the-grid integration of house and site. Designed by architect John Detlie in 1950, the Hilltop Residence itself is archetypical of midcentury modern residential architecture. Broadhurst designed the complementing landscape to capture two moods: shadowy introspection on the entry side and sunlit expansiveness in the social / view area on the back.
The “messy vitality” contrast shows up first on the entry side, evident in the treatment of the lush forest-floor ground plane, which is cut apart and spaced with the equally strongly expressed ground plane of custom pavers. A slow flow of water at the entry’s Wet Rock sculpture sustains the plush growth of moss and liverworts. Equally important, the entry’s ruggedly handsome, mature Douglas fir served as a starting point to connect the observer with a rhythm borrowed from the natural world, Broadhurst explains.
On the sunny south side, the spectacular views set the planting philosophy: With Mount Rainier for context, native and nonnative plants are massed for “an easy harmony, durability, and extended interest,” according to Broadhurst.
Broadhurst says the most challenging part of the project was “marshaling my thoughts into a message seductive and cogent enough to keep all parties involved with the project inspired and on track.” And it is the “small details with gravitas,” such as the texture of the liverworts and the moss in the front, that make him smile. He also is happy that he chose to emphasize the Douglas fir’s role in the design. “The Doug fir most likely was planted as a sapling by John Detlie, so I feel I connected to him and his intent,” he explains.
With so many modern projects reaching a turning point of “restore or replace,” can Hilltop House offer any lessons for others? Yes, says Broadhurst: If it has good bones, identify, reveal, and honor them. Make landscape the satisfying “yin” to the architecture’s “yang,” regardless if the response is natural or contemporary “At the Hilltop Residence, context for me dictated a natural approach,” he explains. “Midcentury modern homes have big window walls for a reason, and it’s our job to lift people’s noses out of Facebook and to connect them to what’s outside.”
A granite path connects the lower level to the house and Sun Terrace, which was reconfigured so that it reads as an extension of its interior space. In strong contrast to the shaded plantings at the entry, sun-loving aromatics line a stone sitting wall at the top step of the granite path. A stainless steel Day Bed sitting space and the gas-powered Fire Rock (bookend to the front’s Wet Rock) further define the back patio.
RESIDENTIAL DESIGN, Honor Award
MIDCENTURY MODERN HILLTOP RESIDENCE
This project’s sleek, midcentury modern residence rests on the ground lightly and invites an earthy counterbalance from its landscape redesign. Facilitating privacy at the entry and maximizing mountain views from the living spaces, the slope of the building’s shed roof is lowest at the carport and expands to create the tallest ceiling heights at the view windows. With sensitive siting, the house appears modest in size but in actuality is considerably larger, because the studio is tucked beneath this level. The landscape architect engaged the architecture in more meaningful dialogue by giving coherency to the hardscape and landscape and expanding the terrace area so that it now reads as an extension of adjacent interior space. Two moods were emphasized: the shady introspection of the entry and the sunlit expansiveness of the social view area. The jurors called this project “the real deal, with little inventive surprises and moves.”
Each year, the American Society of Landscape Architects, Professional Awards honor the best in landscape architecture from around the globe. Award recipients receive featured coverage in Landscape Architecture magazine and in many other design publications. The prestige of the ASLA awards program relies in large part on the high-caliber juries that are convened each year to review submissions.
Reprinted with permission, landscape Architecture, November 2009,©2011 American Society of Landscape Architects. By IPA Publishing Services 800-259-04 70 (12192-0311). For web posting only. Bulk printing prohibited. For more details about this project, visit www.asla.org/2009awards/305.html